American Silversmith Maker Flatware Patterns
America silverware manufacturer / silversmith flatware patterns
Simple history of flatware
The English or England were the first to introduced silver sterling flatware. Sterling silver flatware was first produced in Sheffield, England in the 1200s. Wealthy people carried their own cutleries (Example: spoons or knives) with them because most hotel or tavern did not provide such simple basic necessities for their guests. Forks only appear 100 years later. The first fork was documented to first exist in Italy in the year 1360. However the first use of fork in England was only documented in the year 1611.
But it was only in the 17th century where dinning became formal and an accouterments of prestige. Royalties and nobles from Europe quickly followed. Food and dining now became important then came the complete set of complete silver sterling flatware.
However most silverware manufacturer only start to established during the early 19th to early 20th century in England. That is more than 200 years later after eating and dinning became important. It was during this Victorian period, where the number of Silversmith reached its peak and silverware became common. It coincide with the wealth of middle class where the British Empire was at its peak. Dinning or Tea Service made of fine silver decorated with elaborated patterns were seen as a kind of high social status and wealth.
During almost the same period, American Silversmith were also quick to recognize the this trend. But it was only after the discovery of Comstock Lode in the year 1858, the first major silver-mining district in Nevada, where America Silver smith manufacturing reached it peak. It is worth noting that Michael Gibney was the first person in America to be issued a design patent for a flatware pattern. The design patent was issued in December 1844.
American silver were not subject to any stringent control system nor is there any government assay office. There were no national laws requiring silver objects to be marked in any manner. The only exception is in Baltimore of Maryland from the 1814 to 1830. This is commonly known as the Baltimore Silver Assay. Other than Baltimore Silver Assay from the year 1814 till 1830, silver fineness throughout America were not consistent. The standard at that time was called "Coin silver". The silver used in silver objects were made from melting circulating coins, hence the term "Coin Silver" It is usually contain 90% silver or it can also sometimes be only 80% silver.
It is only around 1870 when Tiffany started making English silver objects. Each piece were marked sterling and 925 or the notation "925/1000". Other silversmith were quick to recognize the this trend and followed this 925 or 92.5% silver fineness.
Index (Listings are arranged in alphabetical order)
A & W Wood Patterns - A & W Wood was founded in New York, NY. The company was active around 1848 till 1871. The company later sold its pattern dies to George W. Shiebler.
A.F. Towle & Son Co. Patterns - Founded by Anthony Francis Towle and his son Edward Bass Towle in the year 1873. The Initially begun trading as A.F. Towle & Son Mfg. Co. however in the year 1883, the company changed its name to A.F. Towle & Son Co.
Albert Coles Patterns - Established in the year 1835 in New York Makers of sterling (92.5% Silver) and coin (80 - 90%) silver flatware and novelties.
Allan Adler - An American silversmith born in the year 1916, and pass away in 2002. Adler designed and manufactured flatware, hollowware and other silverware. His works were mostly inspired by the Modernist art movement of the early 1900s.
Alvin Silver Manufacturing Company - The Alvin Silver Manufacturing Company was founded in the year 1886. The initial name for the company was called: Alvin Mfg. Co. In the year 1919, the company changed its name to Alvin Silver Co.
Amston Silver Co. - Incorporated in in Meriden, CT in the year 1905. The company was subsequently acquired by Ellmore Silver Co around the year 1940 and its flatware dies were purchased by the Crown Silver Co. Makers of sterling flatware, hollow-ware, and jewelry.
The Baker-Manchester Co. - Founded in the year 1914 in Providence, RI. They manufactures sterling silver flatware, hollow-ware, and novelties, including many fancy and unusual flatware serving pieces. The silversmith company lasted till around 1930.
Campbell-Metcalf Silver Co. - Founded by Ernest W. Campbell and Joseph M. Metcalf in the year 1892. The silversmith company was located in Providence, RI. They manufacture sterling silver flatware and souvenir spoons. The company lasted until the year 1900.
Century Sterling Patterns - Century sterling is a series of silver sterling (92.5% fineness) designed and manufactured by International Silver Co. The series is distributed by Sears, Roebuck & Co.
Chicago Silver Co. - Founded by Knut L. Gustafson in the year 1923 in Chicago, IL. The silversmith manufactures hand wrought sterling silver Arts & Crafts flatware and hollow-ware. The company lasted until 1945.
Coles & Reynolds - Founded in the year 1871 in New York, NY. It was one of the many silver companies that were related or affiliated to Albert Coles. The company lasted for a short period of approximately only 5 years. It was later sold to George W. Shiebler.
Concord Silversmiths - Founded in the year 1925 in Concord, New Hampshire. The original name was Concord Silver Co. It manufactures both sterling flatware and hollow-ware.
Dominick & Haff Silver - Founded in the year 1872 in New York, NY. The origins of Dominick & Haff can be traced back to Gale & Sticker in 1821. Important makers of a full line of sterling flatware and hollow-ware. Acquired by Reed & Barton in 1928.
Dowry Sterling - Made by Oneida. Oneida Ltd. / Oneida Silversmiths
Duhme & Co Patterns - Established in Cincinnati, OH and active from 1844-1896. Maker of sterling (92.5% silver) flatware, hollow ware and jewelry.
Erickson Silver Shop - Founded in the year 1977 by George C. Erickson in Gardner, MA. The business was later pass on to his grandson Peter Erickson. The silversmith company still exist today. They manufacture hand-wrought sterling flatware, hollow-ware and jewelry.
Fessendens & Co Patterns - Founded in Providence, Rhode Island from the year 1862 and lasted till 1922. The company manufactures sterling silver hollow ware, flatware and souvenir spoons.
Fine Arts Patterns - Established in Morgantown, PA by Jerry N. Ashway. It is active from 1944 to 1979. It has 6 lines of sterling flatware patterns and also other sterling and silver-plate hollow ware. All its products are manufactured by the International Silver Co.
Frank M. Whiting Co. - Frank M. Whiting Co. was founded Frank M. Whiting in the year 1878 in North Attleboro, MA. Initially working for his father, , William D. Whiting of the Whiting Mfg. Co, however left and started Frank M. Whiting Co. in the year 1878. Frank M. Whiting Co. was acquired by Ellmore Co around the year 1940s. The manufacture a full line of sterling flatware and hollow-ware.
Frank W. Smith Silver Co. - Founded by Frank Smith in the year 1886. Frank Smith was the grandson of William Durgin and worked with him in Concord, NH. Smith went on to establish his own company. Makers of a full line of sterling flatware and hollow-ware.
Geo. W. Shiebler & Co. - Founded in the year 1876 in New York, NY. The silversmith company had acquired the flatware dies of Albert Coles, Henry Hebbard, John Polhamus and others in addition to making their own patterns. Makers of quality sterling flatware, hollow-ware, novelties, and souvenir spoons.
Gorham Patterns - Founded in the year 1831 by Jabez Gorham and Henry Webster. The company was incorporated in Providence, Rhode Island. One of America's great silver company.
Graff, Washbourne & Dunn - Founded by Charles Graff, William Washbourne, and Clarence Dunn in New York, NY. They acquired Wood & Hughes in the year 1899. Graff, Washbourne & Dunn was then subsequently acquired by Gorham in the year 1961. Makers of sterling flatware, hollow-ware, and novelties.
Hallmark Silversmiths or Hallmark Silver Co - Founded in New York, NY. It is active in the early 1900s till around 1954. The company later merged with Hunt Silver Co in the year 1954 and renamed Hunt-Hallmark Co.
Henry Hebbard - Established in New York around the year 1835 till around 1870. It is a manufacturers for solid silver items. Its' items are sold through its own retail shop and also through other retailers such as Tiffany & Co.
HH Curtis & Co - Founded in the year 1883 in North Attleborough, Massachusetts. It manufactures sterling flatware, hollow-ware and souvenir spoons.
Howard Sterling Co. - Founded in the year 1891 in Providence, RI. Successor to Howard & Son and The Sterling Co. Makers of sterling flatware, hollow-ware and souvenir spoons. Many of their pattern dies were acquired by the Roger Williams Silver Co.
H.R. Morss & Co. - Established in North Attleboro, MA in the year 1930. Makers of sterling flatware, baby items and some silver vanity items.
International Silver Co.- Founded in the year 1898 in Meriden, CT. The company still exist today. The company was organized by the consolidation of sixteen separate companies into one conglomerate.
J.B. & S.M. Knowles Patterns - Founded by Joseph B. and Stephen M. Knowles in the year 1875 in Providence, RI. Makers of quality sterling flatware, holloware and novelties. Successors to Knowles & Ladd.
John Polhamus - Founded around the year 1833 in New York, NY. The silversmith company lasted till 1877. John Polhamus is an important maker of sterling flatware and for a short period of time produced silver for Tiffany & Co.
John R. Wendt & Co. - Founded by John Rudolph Wendt in New York, NY in the year 1855 till around 1870, the company lasted for around 15 years. John R. Wendt & Co works include a small line of both coin and sterling silver flatware patterns and some hollow-ware.
Joseph Mayer & Bros. - Established in Seattle, WA. It was founded in the year 1895 and till 1945. Around the 1890s, it also operate under the name Empire Jewelry Company and Northern Stamping Manufacturing Co.
Joseph Seymour - Founded in Syracuse, NY.
Kalo Shop - Founded in the year 1900 in Chicago, Illinois by Clara Barck Welles. Major influence in the American Arts & Crafts Movement and its silver articles were all hand wrought.
Kirk-Stieff Co. Patterns - Founded as the Baltimore Sterling Silver Co. The name was changed to The Stieff Co.in1904. Acquired the Schofield Co. Became the Kirk-Stieff Co. in 1979 when Stieff purchased S. Kirk & Sons, Inc.
Knowles & Ladd - Founded in the year 1864 in Providence, Rhode Island. The Knowles & Ladd partnership ended with in the year 1875 with Ladd's retirement.
Koehler & Ritter Patterns - Founded by Gotthard Koehler and Charles A. Ritter in the year 1867 in San Francisco, CA. Both its founders are former employees of Frederick R. Reichel
Ludwig, Redlich & Co. Patterns - Founded by Adolph Ludwig and A. Alec Redlich in the year 1890 in New York, NY. The silver company manufacturers sterling silver flatware, hollow-ware and souvenir spoons. Succeeded by Redlich & Co then later became a division of Elgin Silversmiths in the year 1946.
Lunt Silversmith - Founded by George E. Rogers, George C. Lunt and William C. Bowlen by buying A.F. Towle & Son in the year 1901. Initially the name of the company was called Rogers, Lunt & Bowlen (1901 until 1935) and renamed Lunt Silversmiths after 1935.
Maltby, Stevens & Curtiss Co - founded by Chapman Maltby, Elizur S. Stevens, and John Curtiss in the year 1880. It is located in Willingford, Connecticut. Successor to Maltby, Stevens & Co, Birmingham, Connecticut. The company purchased Hall, Elton & Co. located at Wallingford, Connecticut in the year 1890.
Manchester Silver Co. - Founded by William H. Manchester as W.H. Manchester & Co in the year 1887 in Providence, RI. The company subsequently acquired the dies of Richard Dimes Co. around the 1950s. They manufacture both sterling silver flatware and hollow-ware.
Marshall Field & Co - A large upscale department store located in Chicago, Illinois with own craft shop and manufacture its own line.
Mauser Manufacturing Co. - Founded by Frank Mauser in North Attleboro, MA. around the 1890s, the company relocated to New York NY and renamed Mauser manufacturing Co. The silversmith manufactured sterling silver flatware, hollow-ware and some vanity items.
Meriden Britannia Co - Founded in the year 1852 in Meriden, CT. In the year 1896, Meriden Britannia Company purchased Wilcox & Evertsen. Its factories were relocated to Meriden Connecticut. Since then, Meriden Britannia started their sterling (92.5% silver fineness) hollow ware business. Sterling silver flatware manufacturing started in 1897
Michael Gibney - The first person in America to be issued a design patent for a flatware pattern. The design patent was issued in December 1844.
Mount Vernon Co. - Founded in the year 1913 in Mt. Vernon, NY and lasted till 1923. The silversmith was a merger between Mauser Mfg. Co., Roger Williams Silver Co. and H.A. McFarland, Inc. In the year 1920, Gorham Manufacturing acquired Mount Vernon Co. and had continued to manufacture under the Mount Vernon name until 1923.
National Silver Patterns - Established in New York, NY by Samuel E. Bernstein. It is active from 1904 till the 1970s. Maker of both sterling and silver plated flatware and hollow-ware.
Old Newbury Crafters - Old Newbury Crafters was founded in Newburyport, MA in 1915. The silversmith company still exist today. Old Newbury Crafters is an important silversmith company whose roots could be traced back to the 1600s. Makers of hand wrought sterling silver ; pewter flatware and hollow ware.
Oneida Ltd. / Oneida Silversmiths - Founded in the year 1877 in Sherrill, NY. The company still exist today. Formed as an experimental utopian social community at Oneida Creek in 1848, the group began making flatware in 1877, and their sterling line started in 1914.
Poole Silver Co. - Founded in Taunton, MA in 1895. Successor to Poole, Roche & Co. Production of their sterling wares began in 1946. The Bristol Silver division was started in 1950 to manufacture silver plated holloware. Acquired by the Towle Manufacturing Co. in 1970.
Porter Blanchard / Porter Blanchard Shop - Founded by Porter George Blanchard, son of George Porter Blanchard in the year 1915 in Burbank. Porter George Blanchard was member of the Society of Arts & Crafts in Boston. Relocate the silversmith company in the year 1923 to Calabasas, CA.
Ralph Lauren - Line of Sterling and stainless flatware made by license agreement for the famous fashion designer.
R. Blackinton & Co. - Founded by Roswell Blackinton, Walter Ballou, and Thomas Mann in the year 1862 in North Attleboro, MA. Makers of sterling flatware, hollow-ware, vanity items, and novelties. Purchased by Wells, Inc.; some of Blackinton's dies were acquired by Towle Silversmiths.
Raimond Silver Mfg. Co. - Founded around 1960s in Chelsea, MA. The company was subsequently acquired by W. & S Blackington Co. in the year 1966.
Reed & Barton Patterns - A major and important America silversmith in the 19th and 20th century. The company is based in Taunton, Massachusetts. The company was vast products includes flatware, hollow ware in both solid silver or plated
Richard Dimes Patterns - Established in South Boston, MA. Founded in 1923 and lasted till 1955. Its founder, Richard Dimes started Towle's hollow-ware line around 1890. Maker of both sterling flatware and hollow ware.
Rogers & Brittin - An American silversmiths company founded by Samuel T. Rogers and Edwin Ludlow Brittin in the year 1880. Rogers & Brittin manufactures jewelry, britannia, silver-plate, and sterling silver wares.
Roger Williams Silver Co. - Founded in the year 1901 in Providence, RI. The silversmith was later bought over by Mount Vernon Co. Silversmiths in the year 1913.
Royal Crest Patterns - Royal Crest is brand line market by Empire Crafts Corp (Newark, NJ 1930s-1950s). All its 3 flatware patterns are manufactured by Oneida.
Saart Bros. / SSMC - Sterling Silver Manufacturing Company. The company was founded in Providence, Rhode Island in the year 1909 till 1932. The Sterling Silver Manufacturing Company later sold their flatware designs to Saart Brothers, and sometimes these patterns will appear under that name.
Frank M. Schofield Co. / The Schofield Co. - Founded by Frank M. Schofield as the Baltimore Silversmiths Mfg. Co. Went under the name Heer-Schofield 1905-1928. The name was changed to the Frank M. Schofield Co. in 1928 then to The Schofield Co. in 1930. Purchased C. Klank & Sons in 1905. Purchased the dies of Jenkins & Jenkins. Schofield was acquired by The Stieff Co. in 1967.
Schulz & Fischer - Founded by William Schulz and Emil A. Fischer in the year 1873 in San Francisco, CA. They were both former employees of Friedrich Reichel. Successors to Schulz, Fischer & Mohrig and Fisher & Schulz.
George C. Shreve & Co. / Shreve & Co. - Founded by brothers George Choate Shreve as a jewelry business in the year 1852. No silver work was done until about 1882 when they began producing sterling hollow-ware; flatware production began in 1904. Acquired W.K. Vanderslice & Co. in 1908.
Simons, Bro. & Co. - Founded by George Washington Simons and Peter Boneil Simons around the year 1842. Manufactures quite a variety of items including: sterling silver flatware, holloware, thimbles, novelties and jewelry; made swords during the Civil War, gold and silver pen, pen case etc.
Simmons & Paye - Founded in the year 1896 by Jessie O. Simmons and Charles T. Paye. The company is located at Providence, Rhode Island. The mainly manufacture sterling silver souvenir spoons and some other small silver novelties. The company was later succeeded by Paye & Baker and relocate to North Attleboro, MA in the year 1903.
State House Silver - A line of three sterling flatware patterns intended for private distribution and made by Oneida.
Theo. Evans & Co. - Founded by Theodore Evans and John Cook in the year 1855 in New York, NY. The silversmith company lasted for 10 years til 1865 when it was succeeded by Evans & Cook. Theo. Evans & Co. manufactures both flatware and hollowware using coin silver fineness.
Tiffany Patterns - The most important symbol of Sterling Silver luxury in America. Established in New York for more than 150 years. One of American most important symbol of Sterling Silver art & luxury.
Towle Silversmiths / Towle Manufacturing Co. - Founded in the year 1882 in Newburyport, MA. Towle roots could be traced back to 1690 with William Moulton II. Founded by Anthony Francis
Tradition Sterling Flatware Patterns - A division of Lenox.
Tuttle Silver Patterns - Tuttle Silver Company was founded by Timothy Tuttle in the year 1890 in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. The company was later bought over by Wallace Silversmiths in the year 1958 and subsequently by by Syratech Corporation.. Makers of sterling flatware and hollow ware.
Unger Bros. - Founded by Eugene, Frederick, George, Herman and William Unger in the year 1872 in Newark, NJ. Makers of Art Nouveau sterling flatware, holloware, jewelry, vanity items and novelties
Vera Wang Silver - Vera Wang Silver is a line of sterling and stainless flatware and holloware inspired by the fashion designer and made by Towle Silversmiths
Wallace Silversmith - R. Wallace & Sons Mfg. Co. was founded by Robert Wallace. Robert Wallace was a pioneer of German Silver in America flatware making history. The name was changed to Wallace Silversmiths in the year 1956. He only venture into making Sterling Silver flatware in the year 1875.
Watrous Mfg. Co. - Founded in the year 1896 and is still in business today. Watrous Mfg. Co bought over then Maltby, Stevens & Curtiss Co, another silversmith in Wallingford, CT. The company manufactures both sterling silver and also silver-plated items including: flatware, holloware, and novelties
Watson & Newell / Watson Co. - Founded by Clarence L. Watson and Fred A. Newell in the year 1880 in Attleboro, MA. They operated in the name of Watson, Newell & Co from 1886 to 1895 then in the year 1895 to the Watson, Newell Co. The company was renamed again in the year 1915 to the Watson Co. Watson was a major manufacturer of sterling flatware and hollow-ware. It has showrooms in Chicago, New York and San Francisco,
Web Silver Company - Founded in the year 1950 in Philadelphia, PA. The silversmith company acquired the dies of the Weidlich Sterling Spoon Co. in 1952. The silversmith company manufactures sterling flatware, hollow-ware, and novelties. Now a part of Salisbury Sterling.
Webster Co.- Founded by George K. Webster as G.K. Webster & Co. in the year 1878. The silversmith company is located in North Attleboro, MA. In the year 1894, the name was changed to Webster Co.
Weidlich Sterling Spoon Co. - Founded around the year 1915 in Bridgeport, CT. The silversmith company manufactures sterling silver flatware, hollow-ware, and souvenir spoons. Weidlich's pattern dies were acquired by the Web Silver Co. in 1852.
Wendell Manufacturing Co. - Founded by Maurice Wendell in Chicago, IL. Initially known as Wendell & Co, a jewelry manufacturer. However in the year 1890, Wendell Manufacturing Co. was formed to focused on design and production of sterling silver flatware and hollow-ware
Westmorland Silver Company Patterns - A small american silver company founded by Wearever Aluminum, Inc. and Wallace Silversmiths in 1940.
W.H. Glenny & Co - Founded in the year 1876 in Rochester, NY. The company began as a branch location of W.H. Glenny, Sons & Co. of Buffalo. In the year 1911, the company was succeeded by the Given & Wamsley Co. W.H. Glenny & Co business include: wholesale and retail crockery, glass, and silverware business.
Whiting Manufacturing Co.- Whiting Manufacturing Co. was founded by William D. Whiting in the year 1866 in North Attleboro, MA. The company subsequently moved from North Attleboro, MA to Bridgeport, CT after a big fire destroyed its North Attleboro facilities. In the year 1924, the company was acquired by Gorham
Wilcox & Evertsen Patterns - Founded by Robert M. Wilcox and Henry H. Evertsen in the year 1892. The company is located in 46 E. 14th St. New York, New York. Prior to that, the company is known as Rowan and Wilcox in the year 1889. The company products includes: hollow ware and flatware.
William B. Durgin Co. - Founded by William B. Durgin in the year 1853 in Concord, NH. Subsequently in the year 1880, his son, George joined in the business. However in the year 1905, William B. Durgin Co. was sold to Gorham
W.K. Vanderslice & Co. - Founded by William Keyser Vanderslice in the year 1860 in San Francisco, CA. The silversmith company manufactures Sterling and coin silver flatware and holloware; two flatware patterns were patented by Vanderslice. Acquired by Shreve & Co
WM Gale & Son Patterns - Founded by William Gale in New York City, NY in the year 1822. Evolve in to Dominick & Haff in the year 1872. Dominick & Haff was finally buyout by Reed & Barton in the year 1928.
Wm. Rogers Mfg. Co- Founded in the year 1865 in Hartford, CT. It is one of the silversmith companies to form International Silver in 1898.
Wood & Hughes - Founded by Jacob Wood and Jasper W. Hughes in the year 1845 in New York, NY. Successors to Gale, Wood & Hughes. Acquired in 1899 by Graff, Washbourne & Dunn who in turn was acquired by Gorham in 1961. Makers of sterling and coin silver flatware and hollow-ware.